The evolution of mergers and acquisitions (M&A) in Latin America from 1990 to 2014 is analyzed herein. A one‐sector production model without government and external sectors that links prices/costs, income distribution, demand and output is proposed, and the effects of changes in M&A on profit margins, income distribution and gross domestic product (GDP) are evaluated. The model is applied to most regional economies to determine the impact of these transactions on the profit share and level of economic activity. Our analysis does not reject the hypotheses that M&A have distributive effects favorable to profits and that they have contractionary effects on GDP in Latin American countries.
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