Solidaridad intergeneracional

María Amparo Cruz-Saco

Intergenerational solidarity (IG) is an intentional connection between two or more persons of different age groups. As will be explained and illustrated in this volume, their bonding reflects personal wishes and material goals, emotional bonds and rational justifications, altruism or self-interest, care giving and care receiving. The study of IG solidarity requires a genuine interdisciplinary approach that can enable the intersection of professional expertise in related disciplines including anthropology, demographics, economics, geriatrics, social psychology, and sociology. This chapter provides an entry point to this study. The goals of the chapter are the following: First, to investigate the meaning of intergenerational solidarity, its dimensions and evolution; second, to review the evolution of theoretical perspectives and the establishment of an independent field of IG studies; third, to present a simple model that can be used to assess the complex connections between cultural values, institutions, demographic and socio-economic dimensions, and how societies use private and public arrangements to provide care to children and older persons; and finally, to highlight current trends that affect and/or can be affected by IG solidarity.

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